Saint Sergius (or Serge, or Serkis) (Greek: Σέργιος), was a fourth-century Roman high-ranking officer in Galerius's army, and was held high in his favor until he and his colleague (Saint) Bacchus were exposed as secret Christians. Both were tortured and killed. Both are revered as martyrs and a military saints by the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox Churches. Their feast day is 7 October.
Saint Sergius is the patron-saint of the Ghassanids for over fifteen centuries.
It's documented that the Ghassanids were the first knights protectors of the Holy Land under the Byzantine Empire around 500 years before the First Crusade and the creation of the first Orders of Chivalry. Although not organized in Orders "per se", the Ghassanids were the first defenders of Christianity in history to incorporate what's known today as a "code of chivalry" (originated from the Arab concept of "Muru’a") which means bravery in war, hospitality, respect for women and for honor, and protection of the weak and the orphans. (see the book "Faris", or “knight” in Arabic, from B. Lewis, C. Pellat and J. Schacht, also the book "Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century", pages 304-305 Dumbarton Oaks Research Library - Harvard University by Prof. Dr. Irfan Shahid, PhD (Princeton University) Professor Emeritus of Georgetown University)
Name of the Order
Saint Sergius (died c. 303, Risafe, Syria; feast day October 7) was among the earliest authenticated and most celebrated Christian martyrs, commemorated in the Eastern and Western churches. Early martyrologies record that Sergius was an officer in the Roman army on the Syrian frontier. He was supposedly a favorite of the Roman emperor Maximian until he refused to sacrifice to the pagan god Jupiter because he was Christian. Maximian demoted Sergius, ordering him to be costumed in women’s dress and marched through the streets. He was then sent to Risafe (now a city in ruins in central Syria), scourged, and then boards nailed to Sergius’s feet. He was forced to walk to the place of his beheading. Considerable posthumous homage has been paid the martyr. In 431 Alexander, metropolitan of Hierapolis, restored the church over Sergius’s grave, and shortly afterward Risafe became a bishopric. The Byzantine emperor Justinian I changed the name of Risafe to Sergiopolis, making it an archdiocese, and in honor of Sergius he had churches built at Constantinople (now Istanbul) and at Acre in Palestine. The church at Risafe became famous in the East as a major pilgrimage site. Sergius and his companion in martyrdom, Bacchus, were designated protectors of the Byzantine army, and numerous Eastern sanctuaries and churches were subsequently dedicated to them. Their veneration is old, and a mass ascribed to Pope Gelasius I is assigned to them. Christian desert nomads regard Sergius as their patron saint, as well as the Sovereign Imperial and Royal House of Ghassan.
Fount of Honor
The fount of honor is the Head of the Sovereign Imperial and Royal House of Ghassan.
The Royal Ghassanids were an Arab dynasty that ruled several realms from the third through the eighteenth centuries of the Common Era. Even though not organized in chivalric orders, per se, like their later European counterparts, the Ghassanid knights used to fight under the banners of Christ Pantocrator and Saint Sergius. The Ghassanids were the first defenders of Christianity in history to incorporate what's known today as a "code of chivalry" (originated from the Arab concept of "Muru’a") which means bravery in war, hospitality, respect for women and for honor, and protection of the weak and the orphans.i Thus Ghassanid chivalry developed in the sixth century of the Common Era and was spiritualized by Christianity, a process that brought it close to the Christian version of chivalry in medieval Europe. Despite being unknown in the history related to Christian chivalry, the Ghassanids' commitment to Christian chivalry is one of the ideals that they developed and tried to uphold, especially in times of war. This Order has thus been created to perpetuate the legacy of Christian chivalry by the Royal Ghassanids. The Equestrian Order of Saint Sergius is a modern chivalric and international community organized under the Sovereign Imperial and Royal House of Ghassan, and the members of the Order provide support to the Sovereign Imperial and Royal House of Ghassan for its charitable and cultural projects. The Order is non-religious and temporal, sovereign in the conduct of its affairs, and subjected only to the Head of the Sovereign Imperial and Royal House of Ghassan. The Order shall not be subjected to any religious affiliation, hierarchy, or denomination while maintaining its not-for-profit educational corporate status.
The Guiding Principles for Knights and Dames of the Royal Order
Section 1: The Code of Honor
One who is seeking to be a member of the Order indicates a wish to further the ancient chivalric code of knighthood. The following principles are presented here as a Code of Honor (Muru’a) for members. As a member of the Equestrian Order of Saint Sergius, in obedience to the Grand Master under the Constitution of the Order, I commit myself to the following standards of ethical conduct. I will conduct my life in a manner that is faithful to the ancient and modern chivalric code. Therefore I will: Practice disciplines of study, prayer, reflection, stewardship, and service; Be honest and truthful in my relationships with others; Be faithful, keeping the covenants I make and honoring vows; Treat all persons with equal respect and concern as beloved children of God; Maintain a healthy balance among the responsibilities of my work and volunteerism, my commitments to family and other primary relationships, and my need for spiritual, physical, emotional, and intellectual renewal; Refrain from abusive, addictive, or exploitative behavior and seek help to overcome such behavior if it occurs; Refrain from gossip and abusive speech; and Maintain an attitude of repentance, humility, and forgiveness, responsive to God’s reconciling will. I will conduct my life reflecting the values of this Order so that nothing needs to be hidden. Therefore I will: Preach, teach, and bear witness to the gospel of Jesus Christ with courage, speaking the truth in love; Honor the sacred trust of relationships within the covenant community and observe appropriate boundaries; Be judicious in the exercise of the power and privileges of my membership in the Order, as well as office and positions of responsibility I hold; Avoid conflicts of interest that might compromise the effectiveness of the Order; Refrain from exploiting relationships within the community of the Order for personal gain or gratification, including sexual harassment and misconduct; Respect the privacy of individuals and not divulge information obtained in confidence without express permission, unless an individual is a danger to self or others; Recognize the limits of my gifts and training, and refer persons and tasks to others as appropriate; Claim only those qualifications attained, give appropriate credit where credit is right and due; Refrain from decisions, actions, and relationships that might compromise my trustworthiness or the confidence of the Order to uphold its standards and purpose; Be a faithful steward of and fully account for funds and property entrusted to me; and Accept discipline and the appropriate guidance of those to whom I am accountable. If a Christian, I will participate as a partner with others in the ministry and mission of the Church universal. Therefore I will: Participate in the mission and governance of the Order and work for the unity of the holy catholic church; Show respect and encourage all followers of Christ, as well as other faith traditions; Recruit members for the Order responsibly, respect existing relationships, and refrain from exploiting persons in vulnerable situations; and Cooperate with those working in the world for justice, compassion, and peace, including partners of other faith traditions.
The Seat of the Order
The seat of the Order is the same as that of the Sovereign Imperial and Royal House of Ghassan.
Section 1: The Grand Master
The Grand Master is the Head of the Royal House of Ghassan. He shall serve for life or until he retires. If, because of incapacity, he is unable to serve as Grand Master, the Grand Council may call a Special Chapter General. On the advisement of the Grand Council and the Royal House of Ghassan, the Chapter General may decide to elect a Regent until the Grand Master may reassume duties or his successor is elected by the Royal Family. The Grand Master shall appoint all members of the Order’s bodies under this Constitution. His approval is required for the appointment of all officers of the Order named in the Constitution, as well as in the Statutes, Rules, and Regulations. He is the sole authority for the creation of a Knight or dame and bestowing honors of the Order and the Royal House. No member shall be admitted into the Order against the objection of the Grand Master. All members of the Order appointed to any office or dignity within the Order shall serve at the pleasure of the Grand Master.
Members of the Order
Section 1: Admission Protocols
The Order of Saint Sergius is an elite Order. The Petitioner has to have already received the accolade of a knight or dame of the Equestrian Order of Michael Archangel, or as a knight or dame of one of the recognized orders of chivalry by the Sovereign Imperial and Royal House of Ghassan. A person requesting admission to the Order should be aware that he/she will become a part of a dynastic chivalric institution representing the Royal House of Ghassan and are recognized as a member of the Royal House under traditional customs.
Section 2: Qualifications
Acceptance into the Order is based on the assessment of the human values and quality of character of the applicant, without distinction or discrimination based on religious, social class, race, political tendencies, physical disability, or sexual orientation.
I. The following are among the desired qualifications for membership in the Order:
• To be at least 18 years of age for the rank of Member, and 21 years or older for title and rank of Knight/Dame and higher ranks.
• To hold a rank of Knight/Dame in the Equestrian Order of Michael Archangel or another recognized Order of Chivalry (an inquire about recognition status of orders outside the Royal House of Ghassan must be requested along with the proposal of admission)
• To be a stable person holding dignified and steady employment.
• To be morally and socially well considered.
• To be practitioners of any learned profession or members of the Armed Forces.
• To be retired persons or veterans of military service.
• To be persons considered socially and professionally as capable, just, honest, compassionate, and courageous.
• To be persons willing and have the economic capacity to pledge; meeting successfully at least the minimum amount of contribution.
II. The following are impediments for attaining membership:
• To be employed or follow professions or the lifestyles that could be viewed as dishonorable by generally accepted standards.
• These are automatic disqualification criteria for candidates with intention to use, mislead, or misrepresent: Falsified or faux royal, aristocrats, or nobility titles; Falsified or faux awards, honors, orders, etc.; Falsified or faux academic titles and academic degrees.
Section 3: The Process of Nomination, Honorarium Passage Fees, and Annual Membership Dues
A Petition for Membership may be submitted by any Member of the Royal Order for any individual who meets the nomination criteria. The Nominator must be a member in good standing of the Royal House and Orders.
The Petitioner completes a Petition under the Grand Council’s Rules and Regulations. If the Petition is approved by the Grand Council, and Petition is recommended to the Grand Master by the Grand Chancellor or appointed Officer of the Grand Council, and the Honorarium Passage Fee shall be discussed with the petitioner as well as incoming rank.
Since the order is chattered under the Royal House of Ghassan, the passage fees are voluntary and non-refundable donations to the aforementioned juridical person, being tax deductible in the US under the Internal Revenue Code 26 U.S.C. § 501(c)
Passage Fees are subject to annual revision based upon the recommendation of the Grand Council following the Constitution of the Order. In extraordinary cases of need, payment of fees may be waived at the discretion of the Grand Council.
Advancement within The Royal Order is based upon merit and the individual’s activities within the Order, not through a monetary donation, contingent only upon the recommendation of a regional Officers of a Priory, the Grand Council, and the Royal House.
The Order has no annual oblation dues.
The bestowing of honors, promotions, and awards will occur quarterly, corresponding to the following:
On or near the Feast of St. Sergius and Bacchus (7 October);
On or near the Feast of the Epiphany of Our Lord (6 January);
On or near the Feast of the Resurrection of Our Lord;
and On or near the Feast of the Twelve Apostles (30 June).
Section 4: The Ranks
Of the ranks:
- Member (MOS);
- Knight/Dame (Faris/Sayida) (K/DOS);
- Knight/Dame (Faris/Sayida) Officer (K/DOOS);
- Knight/Dame (Faris/Sayida) Commander (K/DCOS);
- Knight/Dame (Faris/Sayida) of the Cross (K/DGCOS);
- Grand Knight/Dame (Faris/Sayida) of the Collar (GCOS); -
- Inheritable Baronet/Baronetess of Risafe (Albarunitaj, البارونيتاج.
( Of the Honorary ranks, any of the above ranks may be bestowed by the Grand Master to particular heads of state, heads of royal houses, ecclesiastical leaders, so on and so forth.
The honorary members of the Order are not bound to rules and regulations, and are not members of any priory or commandry. There are no styles, titles, or post-nominals for these ranks.
Section 5: Style, Title, and Address of the Knight or Dame
The Style, Title, and Address of the Knight or dame are customary within the Royal House of Ghassan.
Style, title, and address may or may not be recognizable under the laws and statutes of the member’s place of citizenship, and members should be guided by the customary and lawful practices of said places.
The title and honor shall be issued by Letters Patent. Rank and appointments of office shall be assigned by a Brevet. These are issued by the Grand Master through the Chancellery.
This Order does not confer nobility upon the member at any rank.
The title and honor of the Order are not inheritable, unless otherwise noted.
Those who bear the Order’s Grand Cross, Grand Collar, and inheritable Baronetage, may be awarded by the Grand Master the dynastic noble titles (see Article X, sec. 2).
Where allowed, a knight or dame may use the equivalent titles of Faris and Sayida, which is Sir and Dame.
Knights and Dames (title, Faris, and Sayida) are entitled to the courtesy style, “The Honorable,” followed by the title Faris/Sayida or Sir/Dame the member’s name followed by with the appropriate post-nominals. Therefore, the full name, title, and style of a holder of the knight is “The Honorable, Faris First Name Middle Name Second Middle Name [if any] Surname, and post-nominals”.
Knights and Dames (title, Faris, and Sayida) of the Cross and Collar ranks are entitled to the courtesy style of “His/Her Excellency,” followed by the title of Faris/Sayida or Sir/Dame name, and the appropriate post- nominals. Therefore, the full name, title, and style of a holder of the dame is “Her Excellency, Sayida First Name Middle Name Second Middle Name [if any] Surname, and post-nominals”.
Baronet/Baronetess, is styled “His/Her Excellency, Faris/Sayida or Sir/Dame [First Name], 1st/ etc Bt/Btss. [Family Name] of Risafe, Royal House of Ghassan”.
If the Letters Patent or Brevet for a particular recipient contains a different style, title, and address than the above, the Letters Patent or Brevet will triumph only for that particular recipient.
The courtesy title for the lawful spouse of member of the Order is Lady or Sir (Sayida or Sayidi) . Section 6: Degradation
The Grand Master, by his right and prerogative as Sovereign, as well as on recommendation by the Royal House, may remove a member of any ranks or any honors or awards bestowed. If a member in the ranks is delinquent in remitting their annual oblation, the Chancellery may place that person, after notification to the individual and priory of membership, into inactive status.
If the member seeks to be re-admitted, the Grand Master may matriculate them, but only at the beginning Equestrian rank of Member.
Renunciation of Honor, Title, and Awards
Honor, title, and awards may be renounced by a member at any time and for any cause. The renunciation must be in writing and witnessed by an individual not related to the member. The witnesses should sign and date the renunciation along with the renouncing member, and the document should be delivered to the Chancellery.
By the right and privileges conferred through Letters Patent, the Knights and Dames of the Order have a Royal Warrant to use particular heraldic devices related to this Order and the Royal House. A heraldry guide will be provided by the Chancellery. As the custom of other Royal Houses around the world, a member shall submit a copy of their arms to the Chancellery for review if the knight or dame seeks to adopt the Royal House and Order's particular heraldry devices. With the Chancellery’s approval, the achievement will be registered on the Royal House’s Roll of Arms, which may be published and public. With the Knight or Dame’s achievement recorded by the Chancellery, they may register their arms with any registries. Members of the second class may use as decorations the likeness of their medal suspended from their escutcheon. Members of the first class may use as decorations the likeness of their medal suspended from their escutcheon, as well as encircle their arms with the Garter of the Order, heraldic supporters, and the coronet of a knight on the helmet instead of a torse, or the coronet of a knight in place of a helmet.
Uniforms and Insignia
Section 1: Uniforms and Insignia
The uniform, insignia, and armorial bearings of the Order shall be as prescribed by the Grand Master and shall be promulgated in the Rules and Regulations of the Order, making allowance for the traditions of regions and national jurisdictions.
The insignia of the Royal Order shall be a medal designed to wear as full or miniature by the Grand Master and holders of the honor. The medal, in full or miniature size, shall be worn by members where the wearer is representing the Royal House, the Order, or meetings at which similar decorations are worn. The fullsized medal is to be worn on the left pocket with business attire. Ladies may wear the medal fastened to the left side of their attire at a convenient location. Members attired in military uniform should wear the medal per the requirements of the service or branch in which they are serving. Full-sized medals are not worn with civilian evening dress. The miniature of the medal should be worn on the left lapel, following standard rules of dress, either alone, or with other miniatures, mounted on a bar or another holder. Ordinarily, miniatures are worn only with formal and semi-formal attire (i.e. white tie and black tie).
Section 2: Awards
A system of awards for acts of valor, for distinguished service, or periods of outstanding service was in existence in the military forces of many ancient peoples.
The Grand Master recognized the need for an appropriate awards system apart from promotions.
The Grand Master may create and bestow awards and honors to members of the Order for various achievements or to memorialize events. These awards honor members of the Order, and in certain instances, non-members, for single acts of valor, distinguished or meritorious service, or long and faithful service to the Order. The Grand Marshal with the Chancellery’s assistance shall be the stewards of the system of awards.
Those who bear the Order’s Grand Cross, Grand Collar, and inheritable Baronetage, may be awarded by the Grand Master the dynastic noble titles: Dhu Sharaf (ف ذو رش ) or Noble, Non-Peerage; Sayid Alqasr ( سيد القرص ,(Sayidat Alqasr (القرص سيدة (or Lord/Lady of the Palace; Rajol Nabil (نبيل رجل / (Sayidat Sharifa ( سيدة رشيفة ) or Gentleman / Gentlewoman, all which are pre-nominal titles that would replace the aforementioned styles of the Order.
Amendments to the Constitution
The Constitution of the Order may be amended at the will of the Grand Master.
If amended, the Constitution shall be published and distributed to all members of the Order, at which time the amendments come into effect. Amended Constitution shall be posted and distributed at the latest by Michaelmas.
Statutes, Rules, and Regulations of the Order
The Grand Master may promulgate such Statutes, Rules, and Regulations not inconsistent with any provisions of this Constitution, as may be necessary or desirable for the government of the Order.
A Statute is defined as a decree made by the Grand Master alone that SHALL be observed.
A Statute may be permanent or temporary in nature, as well as declarative and actionable.
A Statute is effective across the whole Order and enforced, and transgressions against Statutes may result in a judicial process before the Grand Master.
Promulgated in Beverly Hills, CA, USA on April 29th 2023
Memorial of the Saint Catherine of Siena
SIGNED AND SEALED BY
His Imperial and Royal Highness
Prince Gharios El Chemor of Ghassan "de Jure" Al-Nu'Man VIII
Sovereign Head of the Imperial and Royal House of Ghassan
Grand Master of the Equestrian Order of Saint Sergius
See the book Faris (“knight” in Arabic) by B. Lewis, C. Pellat and J. Schacht. See also "Byzantium and the Arabs in the Sixth Century", pages 304-305, by Prof. Dr. Irfan Shahid, PhD (Princeton University) Professor Emeritus of Georgetown University
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